Adaptive transliteration

Several times, Sāhib Rām creates a new meaning for Persian (or, Arabic) proper names and place names derived from their Sanskrit designation. The city of Herat, for example (located in today’s Afghanistan), is referred to as hīrātta, which Sāhib Rām explaines in the commentary by hīrair āttaḥ „to be furnished with a diamond mine“.


Aḫlāq-e Moḥsenī Vīraratnaśekharaśikhā explanation in commentarytext passage
ʿAlī
alin alatīt[y] alī 1.106
Harāt (the city of Herat)
hīrāttahīrair = vajrākarair ātto = gṛhīta iti hīrātto deśaviśeṣaḥ

hīrāttaḥ
is a place name [derived from]:hīrair āttaḥ, [i.e.] ‘to be furnished with a diamond mine’
1.120
šokr (thanksgiving)śukra/śukla[śukraṃ =] śuklaṃ [=] śuddhaṃ karmety ar­thaḥ
[śukra
means] bright, in the sense of: good deeds
4.2
Afrāsiyāb
Sajyasa-jya: jyayā = ūrvyā samānaḥ
like (sa-)the earth (-jya) [concerning forbearance (=title of the chapter in question)] 
5.20

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