transliteration

Using narratives and storytelling to capture the audience’s attention while communicating main concerns and offering moral advice (pand; naṣīḥat) is a dominant feature of Persian medieval mirrors for Princes. Throughout the Aḫlāq-e Moḥsenī, we find more than 100 anecdotes of various length, featuring figures such as prophets (e.g. Moses), semi-legendary (e.g. Hatim al-Tayy) or historical persons (e.g. the Saljuq ruler Sultan Sanjar).
Sāhib Rām, while adapting these stories, deals with proper names and place names in different ways. He either transliterates them or creates Sanskrit counterparts. Here, we can see some examples of transliterated names:

Aḫlāq-e Moḥsenī
Vīraratnaśekharaśikhā     text passage
Sulṭān Sanǧar
Sañjala 4.35
ʿUmar
Umara 39.24
Madāyin arab. “the Cities”  (i.e. Ktesiphon)Madīna 39.25
yamānī Yemenite yamanīya 39.26
hażrat-e Mūsā Moses Mosa 39.153
banī esrāʿīlthe IsraelitesBhaṇī-Īsraphel 39.192

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